Particularities of metabolic syndrome in children
Keywords:metabolic syndrome, children, adipokines, insulin resistance
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in children is increasing, in parallel with the growing trends in obesity rates. The different definitions of this syndrome have prevented the development of a consensus for diagnostic criteria in the pediatric population, while the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome is not fully understood. At the same time, early screening and treatment of unique components, which contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome, have a pivotal role in reducing cardiometabolic risk. In this review, we summarize recent advances in the definition, pathophysiology, interventions for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome in children.
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