Post-surgical rehabilitation of children with tumor lesions of the maxillofacial region
Keywords:children, orthopedic rehabilitation, tumor oro-maxillofacial
AbstractPost-surgical rehabilitation of children with benign tumor injuries of the jaws. Introduction. Tumors in children have a specific and constantly current topic. With the advent of new diagnostic technologies, there is an increasing incidence of tumors in children. The peculiarities of the growth and development of the child from newborn to adolescent highlight new and new problems of morphofunctional and psycho-emotional rehabilitation, both immediately after treatment and at a distance. The purpose of the study was to find out the problems that appear in children after the surgical removal of benign tumors from the jaw region. Results. During 2020 year, 66 children with benign tumors of the jaws were found. The children underwent surgical treatment to remove the tumors. It has been found that tumors located in the mandible are two times more common than those located in the upper jaw. The period of morphofunctional rehabilitation of the child after the removal of the tumor depending on the growth of the tumor and the peculiarities of the dentomaxillary system, we have three categories of children. Children with tumor removal in the block. Children with tumor removal by curettage. Children with palliative tumor removal. Rehabilitation methods include restoring the dental arch with removable applines. In group two, remodeling the growth of the jaws with the positioning of the permanent teeth. Group three includes tooth repositioning, jaw remodeling, and tooth eruption stimulation. Conclusion. Tumors with localization in the jaws during the growth and development of the child require complex rehabilitation, immediately after treatment and at a distance, with a personalized character depending on the postoperative defects and the age of the child
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